Bahá'í Library Online
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Miscellaneous historical documents
sorted by title, all languages []

Primary source material that can't be classified as Pilgrims Notes or Government/legal documents. For general histories of the Faith, see a brief history of the Baha'i Faith or an overview of Baha'i history.
  1. Süleyman Nazif's Nasiruddin Shah ve Babiler: an Ottoman Source on Babi-Baha'i History, by Necati Alkan (2000). On the author of the 1919 Persian history "Nasiru’d-Din Shah and the Babis," including a translation of passages on Tahirih. [about]
  2. 1906 Pilgrim Notes of Ali Kuli Khan, by Ali-Kuli Khan (2010). Large volume in English of the words, stories and actions of 'Abdu'l-Baha on many topics recorded by the Baha'i translator Ali Kuli Khan in Persian in 1906 and partly corrected by 'Abdu'l-Baha. [about]
  3. 'Abdu'l-Bahá and Mírzá Ghaffár Zanúzí: ALM Nicolas's ‘Abdoul-Béha et la situation', 1912, by A.L.M. Nicolas, in Online Journal of Bahá'í Studies, 1 (2007). [about]
  4. Account of the Death of Mirza Yahya Subh-i-Azal, by Alili Ridvan, in Materials for the Study of the Babi Religion. [about]
  5. Account of the Main Events in Persia during October 1912 to October 1913, An, by G. D. Turner (1913). Overview of developments in Iran in 1913, with passing references to Abdu'l-Baha and E.G. Browne. [about]
  6. Activities in Iran in the 1960s: Documents from the US government, in Foreign Relations of the United States 1964-1968, Volume XXII: Iran (1964). State Dept., CIA, and Defense documents regarding activities in Iran in the 1960s. [about]
  7. Ahmad Sohrab and the New History Society, by Paul E. Haney and Horace Holley (1958). Overview of the defection of Ahmad Sohrab and the formation of the "New History Society" and the "Caravan of East and West." [about]
  8. Alain Locke materials: index to some documents online (2010). List of the various documents at the Baha'i Library Online by or about Alain Locke, an American writer, philosopher, educator, and patron of the arts who received a Tablet from Abdu'l-Baha. [about]
  9. Anti-Bahá'í Society, The, by Mehdi Abedi and Michael M.J. Fischer, in Debating Muslims: Cultural Dialogues in Postmodernity and Tradition (1990). Autobiographical stories of Abedi and his involvement in opposition to the Baha'i Faith in Iran with the "Anjoman-e Zedd-e Bahá'íyat." [about]
  10. Bab and Babism, The, by John David Rees, in Littell's Living Age, 210:2720 (1896). [about]
  11. Bab og Babismen: en ny religion og dens stifter, by John David Rees, in Kringsjaa (1896). Norwegian translation of Rees' Bab and Babism, 1896. [about]
  12. Babi Attempt on the Life of the Shah, 1852: Coverage in the New York Times, by New York Times, in New York Times (1852). Five brief newspaper reports, among the earliest known references to the Báb in an American publication. [about]
  13. Bábís of Nayriz, The: History and Documents, in Witnesses to Babi and Bahá'í History, vol. 2 (2006). Extensive collection of historical documents: autobiographies, narratives, genealogies and chronologies, the transition from the Babi to the Baha'i community, provisional translations, and a list of Babi martyrs. [about]
  14. Bahá'í Philately (-). Collection of postal stamps related to the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  15. Bahá'í Martyrdoms in Persia in the Year 1903 AD, by Haji Mirza Haydar-Ali Isfahani (1917). A memoir by Abdu'l-Baha, erroneously credited to Haji Mirza Haydar-Ali, published in English as a 28-page book in 1904 and 1917, covering events from March-September 1903. [about]
  16. Bahá'ísm: Its Ethical and Social Teachings, by Ethel J. Rosenberg, in Transactions of the Third International Congress for the History of Religions, Volume 1 (1908). Overview of the Faith, presented as an address to the Congress held at Oxford, September 15-18, 1906. [about]
  17. Bahaism: A Warning, by Peter Easton, in Brilliant Proof (1998). This anti-Baha'i essay from 1911 was the inspiration for the classic Baha'i text Brilliant Proof. It has no value other than as a historical document. [about]
  18. Before Abraham Was, I am, by Thornton Chase (1902). Open letter to a new Baha'i summarizing the Baha'i revelation through a Christian perspective. [about]
  19. Bushires' British Residency Records (1837-50): The Appearance of Babism in Persia, by Syed Shakeel Ahmed, in Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society, 43:4 (1995). Records from Mirza 'Ali Akbar, a British agent in Shiraz, from 1837, 1839, and 1850, with possible early mentions of the Báb. [about]
  20. Call of Attention to the Behaists or Babists of America, A, by August J. Stenstrand (1907). Propaganda materials by an early follower of Ibrahim Kheiralla and self-professed Azali. [about]
  21. Center of the Covenant: Tablet to Mason Remey, interview with Badi'u'llah, by Abdu'l-Bahá and Badi'u'llah, in Star of the West, 3:7 (1912). Brief interview conducted by Howard MacNutt. Includes a tablet from Abdu'l-Baha to Mason Remey. [about]
  22. Chronicle of `Abdu'l-Ahad Zanjani: Personal Reminiscences of the Insurrection at Zanjan, by Aqa Abdu'l-Ahad Zanjani, in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 29 (1897). [about]
  23. Concealment and Burial of the Báb, by Peter Terry, in A Most Noble Pattern: Collected Essays on the Writings of the Báb (2012). This chapter from A.-L.-M. Nicolas' seminal biography Seyyed Ali Mohammed dit le Bab (1905) tells the story of the death and burial of the Bab, compiled from the reports of several eye-witnesses consulted by the author. [about]
  24. Consideration of the Bahá'í religion, its Tenets, the Character of its Followers, and the Possibility of its Spread, A, by W. Smith Murray (1925). Lengthy report back to the US State Department by Murray, who was then in charge of the U.S. Consulate in Tihran, on the Baha'is in the Middle East, the "Imbrie affair," the character of the Baha'is, and the possibility of the Faith's spread in Persia. [about]
  25. Contribution to the Topography of 19th Century Adrianople, A, by Alexandra Yerolimpos, in Journal of the Islamic Environmental Design Research Centre, 1-2 (1993). Overview of the layout, the ethnic neighbourhoods, and history of Adrianople, including the period of Baha'u'llah's stay there. No mention of Baha'is. [about]
  26. Divine Revelation: The Basis of All Civilization, by Anton Haddad (1902). Commentary on the influence of the Prophets on human society. [about]
  27. Dr. Cormick's Accounts of his Personal Impressions of Mirza 'Ali Muhammad, The Báb, by Dr. Cormick, in Materials for the Study of the Babi Religion. A Westerner's account of meeting the Bab and an account of separate incidents involving the persecution of Babis. [about]
  28. Early mention of Bábís in western newspapers, summer 1850 (1850). Very brief newspaper mentions about the rise of the Bábí movement: Tioga Eagle (Wellsborough, Pennsylvania) 1850-08-21; Church and State Gazette (Middlesex, London) 1850-07-19; Nevada State Journal 1871-12-23. [about]
  29. Efforts to preserve the remains of the Bab: Four historical accounts, by Ahang Rabbani, in Bahá'í Studies Review, 11 (2003). Accounts by Mirza Hasan Adib Taliqani, Fadil Mazandarani, ‘Abdu’l-Husayn Avarih, and Aqa Husayn ‘Ali Nur. [about]
  30. En Perse: La Constitution, by A.L.M. Nicolas, in Revue du Monde Musulman, 1:1 (1906). Three documents related to the first Iranian Constitution, with passing mentions of Babis. [about]
  31. Epistle to the Bahá'í World, An, by Mirza Badi'u'llah (1907). Letter from the half-brother of `Abdu'l-Baha about Badi'u'llah's exit from, return to, and then exit again from the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  32. Events and Tragedies of Manshád, The, by Muhammad-Tahir Malmiri (2007). Events and martyrs from the uprisings in Manshad and Yazd, in 1903. A translation of Haji Málmírí's Tarikh Shuhaday Yazd, pp. 432-503. [about]
  33. Eyewitness Account of the Massacre of Bahá'ís in Nayriz, 1909, by Baharieh Rouhani Ma'ani, in Lights of Irfan, 14 (2013). Shaykh Dhakariyya's rebellion in Nayriz culminated in the martyrdom of nineteen Baha'is on Naw Ruz, 1909, the same day Abdu'l-Baha interred the remains of the Bab in the mausoleum on Mount Carmel. This is a history of both events. [about]
  34. First newspaper story of the events of the Bábí Faith (2013). Six versions of the first public mentions in English of the Bábís, from November 1845. [about]
  35. Five unpublished contemporary documents relating to The Bab's examination at Tabriz in 1848, in Materials for the Study of the Babi Religion (1848). [about]
  36. Främmande religionsurkunder, by Nathan Soderblom (1907). Short excerpt in Swedish titled "Foreign religious deeds" which quotes the Baha'i Writings. [about]
  37. Freemasonry, Bahaism, and British Tudehis, in The Rise and Fall of the Pahlavi Dynasty: Memoirs of Former General Hussein Fardust (1999). Overview of Baha'i activities during the period of Mohammad Reza Shah, from the hostile perspective of Hossein Fardoust, deputy head of SAVAK. [about]
  38. Further extracts concerning the remains of the Bab in Tehran, by Fadl Mazandarani and Avarih. Two brief excerpts [about]
  39. Genesis of the Bábí-Bahá'í Faiths in Shíráz and Fárs, The, by Mirza Habibuʾllah Afnan, in Witnesses to Babi and Bahá'í History, vol. 1 (2008). Detailed account of the early years of the Bab, events of the 1880s and 1890s, the Constitutional Revolution years, and appendices for the study of the Baha'i community in Shíráz. [about]
  40. Greenacre on the Piscataqua, by Anna Josephine Ingersoll (1900). An early history of Greenacre and some of its notable visitors and presentations. [about]
  41. Gulick and Three Women: Diary of a Cross-country Auto Trip to and back from the 1942 Bahá'í National Convention, by Margaret Marie Rutledge (2015). Diary by the sister of Barbara Sims of a cross-country road trip from California to Chicago with Ramona Allen Brown, Marzieh Gail, and Robert Gulick. [about]
  42. If Walls Could Speak: An eyewitness account of the Bábís of Nayriz, by Ibrahim Nayrizi (1998). An account of the Nayriz uprising in 1853. [about]
  43. Imbrie Murder Laid to Religious Hate, in New York Times (1924). Two brief articles describing the 1924 murder of an American diplomat by a Muslim mob who thought he was a Baha'i. [about]
  44. Interview with Ruhollah Geula regarding Robert Imbrie, by Anthony Lee (1997). Interview by Lee, the general editor of Kalimat Press, with his father-in-law, an eyewitness to these 1924 events in Tehran. [about]
  45. Juliet Remembers Gibran: As told to Marzieh Gail, by Juliet Thompson, in World Order, 12:4 (1978). Thompson's recollections of Gibran. [about]
  46. Le Journal de Constantinople (1848). Collection of 818 files, unsorted. They contain an unknown number of references to the Báb and his milieu. Four entries have been found so far, and searching this archive may yield more. [about]
  47. Les religions et les philosophies dans l'asie centrale (continued), by Joseph Arthur Gobineau (1866). Due to size, this book was split in two for this online edition. See part 1. [about]
  48. Letters to Alain Locke, by Shoghi Effendi and Ruhi Afnan, et al. (2010). Collection of letters between Shoghi Effendi, his secretary, and Alain Locke, and related historical material on Locke. [about]
  49. Letters to and from US Presidential Archives (1984). A collection of correspondence circa 1984 from and to archivist David Piff concerning Baha'i-related holdings. Also included is some correspondence between offices of the presidents and the US National Spiritual Assembly and the BIC. [about]
  50. Lifetime with Bahá'u'lláh, A: Events in Baghdad, Istanbul, Edirne and ‘Akká while in the Company of Bahá'u'lláh, by Aqa Husayn Ashchi, in Witnesses to Babi and Bahá'í History, vol. 14 (2007). One-third of a lengthy primary-source history, annotated by translator. [about]
  51. Martyrdom of Haji Muhammad-Rida, The, by Mirza Abu'l-Fadl Gulpaygani (1890). Gulpaygani's firsthand account of the events leading up to and following the murder of Muhammad-Rida and the trial of his killers. [about]
  52. Martyrs of Manshad, by Siyyid Muhammad Tabíb Manshádi, in World Order, 28:1 (1996). Detailed eyewitness account of martyrdoms in Iran in 1903. [about]
  53. Martyrs of the Second Revolt at Nayriz (1999). A list, compiled from three histories, of those who died in the 1852 revolt at Nayriz. [about]
  54. Mashrak-el-Azkar: Descriptive of the Bahai temple, by Charles Mason Remey (1917). Preliminary designs for the first Mashriqu'l-Adhkár to be built in America, showing nine varying treatments in different styles of architecture; includes discussions of the Ashkhabad temple and Baha'i history, and a 1908 letter to Star of West. [about]
  55. Massacres de Babis en Perse, by A.L.M. Nicolas (1936). On events in 1903 in Rasht, Isfahan, Yazd, and Tehran, written by a French consul in Iran. [about]
  56. Materials for the Study of the Babi Religion (1918). An early collection of historical documents related to Baha'i and Babi studies. (Not fully complete.) [about]
  57. Memoirs of a Bahá'í in Rasht 1889-1903: Autobiography of Mírzá Yahyá `Amídu'l-Atibbá Hamadání, in Witnesses to Babi and Bahá'í History, vol. 7 (2007). Personal account of some activities of the Baha'i community in Iran and persecutions they endured. [about]
  58. Memories of Hájí Muhammad Nayrízi, by Haji Muhammad Nayrizi (1999). A short account of events in the 1853 Nayriz uprising. [about]
  59. Message from Abdu'l-Baha, Head of the Baha'is, A, in New York Times (1912). News article of Abdu'l-Baha's tour. Includes scanned image of various newspaper clippings and photographs of Abdu'l-Baha. [about]
  60. Minutes of the Twentieth Session, 1931 June, by Permanent Mandates Commission (1931). Two-page discussion of the status of "The Bahai Case" regarding confiscation of property in Iraq, possible resolutions, and setting up a "special Committee to consider the views expressed by the Bahai community in respect of certain houses in Baghdad." [about]
  61. Monsieur Nicolas - the French: Extracts from Tarikh-i Azarbeyijan, by Haji Mirza Haydar Ali Uskui (1950). Exracts from an unpublished manuscript by the author of the "History of Faith in Azerbayijan" about A.L.M. Nicola's background, his involvement with the local Baha'i community in Azarbeyijan, and his links with Tomanski. [about]
  62. Mountain of God, The, by E. S. (Ethel Stefana) Stevens, in World Order, 4:3-4:4 (1911). Sympathetic portrayal by a non-Baha'i of Abdu'l-Baha and the small band of Bahá’ís who lived in Haifa and 'Akká early in 20th Century. [about]
  63. Mr Faizi and Mr Furútan in Australia: The Yerrinbool tapes, by Abu'l-Qasim Faizi and Ali-Akbar Furutan, in Australian Bahá'í Studies, vol. 2 (2000). Lengthy talks of Hands of the Cause A.Q. Faizi and A.A. Furútan in Australia at the Yerrinbool summer school. [about]
  64. Muhammad `Abduh and Rashid Rida: A Dialogue on the Bahá'í Faith, by Juan Cole, in World Order, 15:3-4 (1981). Translation of a dialogue between two influential Sunni thinkers of the early Twentieth Century; contains much of historical interest. [about]
  65. New History (tarikh-i-jadid) of Mirza Ali-Muhammed the Bab, The, by Husayn Hamadani (1893). Detailed history of the Bab, translated into English. Also known as Tarikh-i Badi'-i Bayani. [about]
  66. New John the Baptist Preaching Universal Brotherhood: Abdul Ba-ha Patriarchal Head of Bahaists in Denver With Message of Love and Justice to All and for All, by Alice Rohe, in The Daily News (1912). News article of Abdu'l-Baha's tour. Includes scanned image of original newspaper and photograph of Abdu'l-Baha. [about]
  67. Nuqtat al-Kaf and the Babi Chronicle Traditions, by Juan Cole, in Research Notes in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahá'í Studies, 2:6 (1998). History of the writing of this early Babi historical text, and some recent interpretations of its history. [about]
  68. Outline of the Bahá'í Movement in the United States, An: A sketch of its promulgator [Ibrahim Kheiralla] and why afterwards denied his Master, Abbas Effendi, by Anton Haddad (1902). [about]
  69. Outposts of a World Religion by a Bahá'í Traveler: Journeys Taken in 1933-1935, Accompanied by Edward R. Mathews, by Loulie Mathews. Autobiography of trips to New Zealand, New Guinea, Australia, Hawaii, and South America teaching the Faith. [about]
  70. Persecutions of Babis in 1888-1891 at Isfahan and Yazd, in Materials for the Study of the Babi Religion (1918). [about]
  71. Picture Gallery of Early British Bahá'ís (1998). Published in honor of the UK Baha'i Centenary, 1998/99. [about]
  72. Questions of Haji Mirza Siyyid Ali Muhammad occasioning the Revelation of the Kitab-i-Iqan, by Haji Mirza Siyyid Ali Muhammad (1997). Translation of the questions submitted to Baha'u'llah by Haji Mirza Siyyid Muhammad, the maternal uncle of the Bab, which led to the revelation of the Kitab-i Iqan. [about]
  73. Remains of the Bab in Tehran, The, by Ahang Rabbani (1997). Brief bio of Aqa Husayn-'Ali Nur and an extract from Khatirat Muhajiri Az Isfahan, "Memoirs of a Refugee from Isfahan," discussing the history of these remains. Includes biographical notes. [about]
  74. Report to the Shah from Akka, A, by Ala'u'l-Mulk, in World Order (2000). Brief report from the Iranian ambassador to Istanbul on the activities of the Baha'is in Turkey, 1901. [about]
  75. Report to the U.S. Secretary of State, by W. Smith Murray (1924). A report to the US Secretary of State by W. Smith Murray, who was in charge of the U.S. Consulate in Tihran, on report of the murder of Vice Consel Robert Imbrie in Tihran. [about]
  76. (Report to the) American Oriental Society / A New Prophet, by Austin Wright, in The Literary World, 228:8 (1851). First paper on Bábí history, from a letter to the American Oriental Society, published in multiple newspapers, including translation into German. Includes preface by Steven Kolins. [about]
  77. Resa I Persien [Journey in Persia], by Hermann Vambery (1869). Book excerpt from 1869 of a travel diary in Swedish. [about]
  78. Sapiential Theosis: A New Reading of Ephrem the Syrian's Hymns on Paradise, by Christopher Buck, in Journal of the Assyrian Academic Society, 9.2 (1995). Prepublication chapter from Paradise and Paradigm: Key Symbols in Persian Christianity and the Baha’i Faith (Albany: SUNY Press, 1999). St. Eprem the Syrian is generally regarded as the greatest Christian poet of Late Antiquity. [about]
  79. Shah Abdu'llah and the Bahá'ís of Abadeh: An account of the persecution of Bahá'ís by followers of an imaginary Imam, by Aqa Mirza Qabil Abadeh'i (2001). Account of persecutions in Abadeh, Fars province, in 1901. [about]
  80. Short Chapter in the History of Bâbeeism in Persia, A, by Austin Wright, in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Oriental Society (1853). Letter to the American Oriental Society recounting the continuation of Bábísm and attack on the Shah. Follow-up to Wright's first report on Bábí history, from June 1851. [about]
  81. Statement on Mason Remey from the Western Hands of the Faith, by Corinne True and Hermann Grossmann (1960). Background information on the claims of Remey, compiled by the Hands of the Cause of God in the Western hemisphere. [about]
  82. Throndhjems borgerlige Realskoles, in Adresseavisa, 131 (1852). 1852 report in Norwegian on assassination attempt of the Sháh. [about]
  83. Transcript of interview with Iranian President Mohammad Khatami, by Mohammad Khatami (1998). [about]
  84. Traveller's Narrative Written to Illustrate the Episode of the Báb, A, by E. G. Browne and Abdu'l-Bahá. [about]
  85. Treatise on Persecution of Bahá'ís in 1903, by Abdu'l-Bahá, in Bahá'í Studies Review, 14 (2007). Events in Isfahán and Yazd from March-September 1903. [about]
  86. Trial of the Báb: Alim-i Hashtrud's account (1997). Translation of source documents preserved from the 1848 trial. [about]
  87. Trial of the Báb: Answers given during the interrogation of the Báb (1997). Translation of source documents preserved from the 1848 trial. [about]
  88. Trial of the Bab: Mulla Muhammad Mamaqani's account (1997). Translation of source documents preserved from the 1848 trial. [about]
  89. Trial of the Báb: Questions, rebukes, statements made during the interrogation of the Bab (1997). Translation of source documents preserved from the 1848 trial. [about]
  90. Twin Pilgrimages of Núru'd-Dín Mumtází, by Nureddin Mumtazi (2015). Accounts of Nureddin Momtazi's pilgrimages in 1920 and 1955-56. Includes foreword and numerous notes, both covering much history and context. Documents reviewed and annotated by multiple members of Momtazi's family. [about]
  91. Two State Papers Bearing on the Removal of the Babis from Baghdad to Turkey, by E. G. Browne, in Materials for the Study of the Babi Religion (1862). [about]
  92. Voyage en Perse, by Eugène Flandin (1851). A detailed travel diary, giving a sense of what Iran was like at the time of the Báb. [about]
  93. Whilst He Was in Suleymaniah: Extracts and poems from the memoirs of Nabil Zarandi, by Nabil-i-A'zam (2002). Handful of short extracts and poems from the memoirs of Nabíl-i-A`zam [aka Mullá Muḥammad-i-Zarandí, aka Nabíl-i-Zarandí]. on the conduct of the Bábís in 'Iráq during Bahá'u'lláh's self-imposed exile. From Nabil's unpublished narrative. [about]
  94. Will and Testament of The Báb, by Báb, The, in Lights of Irfan, Volume 8 (2007). One-page scan of a document commonly, though inaccurately, referred to as the "Will and Testament." [about]
  95. With Abdu'l-Bahá: The Diary of Mirza 'Isa Khan Isfahani, by Mirza `Isa Khan Isfahani, in Witnesses to Babi and Bahá'í History, vol. 11 (2008). Account of a visit to Haifa, December 1919 - January 1920, by a little-known author Mírzá 'Isá Khán Isfahání Darágáh'í. Includes table of an old Persian solar calendar and its Western astrological correspondences, and anecdotes about Esslemont. [about]
  96. Witnesses to Babi and Bahá'í History, by Ahang Rabbani (1996). Multiple volumes of historical materials, translations, and original research. [about]
  97. Yahi-Bahi Society of Mrs. Resselyer-Brown, The, by Steven Leacock, in Arcadian Adventures with the Idle Rich (1914). Canadian humorist's 1914 parody of 'Abdu'l-Baha. [about]
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