Bahá'í Library Online
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Encyclopedia articles / Dictionary entries
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  1. 'Abdu'l-Bahá, by Moojan Momen (1995). On Abdu'l-Baha, eldest son of Baha'u'llah and successor to him as leader of the Bahá'í Faith, known as the authoritative expounder and perfect exemplar of the Bahá'í teachings and as the Center of Bahá'u'lláh's Covenant. [about]
  2. 'Abdu'l-Baha, in Encyclopedia of World Biography (2004). [about]
  3. 'Abdu'l-Bahá: Life and Teachings, by Alessandro Bausani and Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 1:1 (1985). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  4. 'Abdu'l-Bahá 'Abbás, by Firuz Kazemzadeh, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the eldest son and appointed successor of Bahá’u’lláh, the Center of His Covenant, and the Head of the Bahá’í Faith from 1892 to 1921, regarded, along with the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh, as one of the Central Figures of the Bahá’í Faith. [about]
  5. 'Abdu'l-Bahá, Ascension of (November 28), by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  6. 'Abdul-Baha, by Moojan Momen, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  7. Adíb Tálaqání (Hand of the Cause), by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 1 (1985). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  8. Administration, Bahá'í, by Glenford Mitchell, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the international system governing the affairs of the Bahá’í Faith; a framework based on elected councils that hold legislative, executive, and judicial authority and on appointed individuals whose role is to protect and advise. [about]
  9. Afnán: Genealogy of the Afnān Family, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 1 (1985). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  10. Ages and Cycles, by Moojan Momen (1995). Overview of the ideas of specific cycles and periods of time in Baha'i belief. [about]
  11. Ahsá'í, Shaykh Ahmad, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 1 (1985). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  12. Akhund, Haji (Haji Mulla `Ali-Akbar Shahmirzadi), by Moojan Momen (1995). Short biography of an Iranian Hand of the Cause of God. [about]
  13. Alain Locke, by Christopher Buck, in Pop Culture Universe: Icons Idols Ideas (2013). [about]
  14. Alavíyyih Khánum and 'Alí Ján, Mullá, by Mehraeen Mottahedin-Mavaddat and Moojan Momen, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the couple, both distinguished Iranian teachers of the Bahá’í Faith; Mullá ‘Alí Ján was executed for his faith. [about]
  15. Alí Akbar Shahmírzádí (Hájjí Akhund), by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 1 (1985). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  16. Ali Bastami, Mulla, by Moojan Momen (1995). [about]
  17. Alí Bastámí, Mullá, by Moojan Momen, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the second disciple to recognize the Báb, and the first Bábí martyr. [about]
  18. Alí Bastámí, Mullá, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 1 (1985). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  19. America is a Multifaith Nation, by Christopher Buck, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2012). While the United States was once a "Christian" nation, it is now a multi-faith one. Includes short overview of American religious history, and statistics of church membership. [about]
  20. Amín Hájjí: trustees of Huqúqu'lláh, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 1 (1985). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  21. Amin, Haji Abu'l-Hasan, by Moojan Momen (1995). [about]
  22. Áqá Khan Kermání, by Mangol Bayat, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 2 (1987). Brief excerpt, with link to full article offsite. [about]
  23. Aqasi, Haji Mirza ('Abbas Iravani), by Sholeh A. Quinn, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the prime minister of Iran under Muhammad Shah Qajar from 1835 to 1848, regarded by Bahá’ís as the Antichrist of the Bábí dispensation. [about]
  24. Ardakání, Hajjí Abu'l-Hasan (Hand of the Cause), by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 2 (1987). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  25. Ashkhabad (Ashgabat), Bahá'í Community of, by Vahid Rafati, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to full article offsite. [about]
  26. Ashraf, Ghodsieh, by Mahnaze A. da Silveira, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2012). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  27. Augur, George Jacob, by Duane Troxel, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the American doctor who became one of the early Bahá’ís of Hawaii and was the first resident Bahá’í in Japan, designated by Shoghi Effendi a Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá. [about]
  28. Australia: History of the Bahá'í Faith, by Graham Hassall (1998). Short history of the Baha'i community of Australia. [about]
  29. Áyatí, Abdu'l-Husayn, by Iraj Afshar, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  30. Ayyám-i-Há (February 25–March 1), by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  31. Azalí Babism, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  32. Báb (Door, Gate), by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  33. Bab, Birth of, by Christopher Buck and J. Gordon Melton, in Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, Vol. 1, ed. J. Gordon Melton & Martin Baumann (2010). [about]
  34. Bab, Birth of, by Christopher Buck and J. Gordon Melton, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2010). [about]
  35. Báb, Festival of the Birth of the (October 20), by Christopher Buck and J. Gordon Melton, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  36. Báb, Martyrdom of the (July 9), by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  37. Bab, The, by Moojan Momen and Todd Lawson, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  38. Báb, The (ʿAlí Mohammad Shirází), by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  39. Babi, by Vladimir Minorsky, in Chamber's Encyclopaedia (1950). Encyclopedia entry, the draft of which was found in Minorsky's archive, along with three pages of typed "errata" possibly written by H. M. Balyuzi on behalf of a Baha'i institution. [about]
  40. Bábí Executions and Uprisings, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  41. Bábí Movement, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  42. Bábís, by C. M. MacGregor, in Central Asia Part IV: Topography, Ethnography, and History of Persia (1995). Short overview, as excerpted by MacGregor from Shiel's Glimpses of Life and Manners. [about]
  43. Babis, Bahá'ís, Shaykhis, by Cyril Glasse, in The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam (1991). [about]
  44. Babism, in Zell's Popular Encyclopedia : A Universal Dictionary of English Language, Science, Literature, and Art, vol. 1 (1869). Possibly the earliest encyclopedia entry on The Bab. [about]
  45. Babism, in Kurdistanica.com (2008). [about]
  46. Bábism Faith in Nayriz, by Hussein Ahdieh, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2015). Brief excerpt on Nayriz and Sayyed Yahyá Dárábí (Vahíd), with link to article offsite. [about]
  47. Badasht, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  48. Badí' Calendar, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  49. Badí` Khurasani, by Moojan Momen (1995). Short biography of Badi, a Baha'i renowned for his bravery and devotion. [about]
  50. Bagdádi Family, by Kamran Ekbal, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2014). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  51. Bahá'í Faith, in Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia (1994). Entry from an early CD-ROM encyclopedia. [about]
  52. Bahá'í, by Michael Karlberg, in Encyclopedia of Sustainability, Vol. 1: The Spirit of Sustainability (2009). Bahá’ís recognize nature as an expression of God’s will, view science and religion as complementary approaches to truth, and pursue processes of individual and community development that promote unity, social justice, and ecological sustainability. [about]
  53. Bahá'í: Religion and Diet, by Paul Fieldhouse, in Encyclopedia of Food and Culture (2003). Short overview of fasting, feast, and diet. [about]
  54. Bahá'í and Bábí Schisms, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  55. Bahá'í Calendar and Festivals, by Amin Banani, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  56. Bahá'í Communities, by Peter Smith, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  57. Bahá'í Conventions, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  58. Baha'i Faith, by Douglas Martin, in The 1998 Canadian Encyclopedia (1997). Includes overview of the Baha'i Faith in Canada. [about]
  59. Bahá'í Faith, by Juan Cole, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  60. Baha'i Faith: Overview, by Robert Stockman, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  61. Baha'i Faith and Social Action, by Christopher Buck, in Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice, ed. Gary L. Anderson and Kathryn Herr (2007). [about]
  62. Baha'i Faith and the Environment, The, by Richard Landau, in Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change volume 5: Social and Economic Dimensions of Global Environmental Change, ed. Peter Timmerman (2002). Participation of the Baha'i International Community in UN-sponsored development and environmental initiatives for resolving the difficult challenges before humanity. [about]
  63. Baha'i Faith, roots of, by Robert Stockman, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  64. Bahá'í Faith, Scholarship on, by Moojan Momen (1995). This article is a survey of attempts to analyse and study the Babi and Bahá'í Faith from a scholarly viewpoint. [about]
  65. Bahá'í Faith, The, by Graham Hassall, in Encyclopedia of Religion in Australia, James Jupp, ed. (2009). [about]
  66. Bahá'í Faith, The, by Robert Stockman, in Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, ed. J. Gordon Melton and Martin Baumann (2002). [about]
  67. Bahá'í Faith, The, by Christopher Buck, in The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Religion and Social Justice, ed. Michael D. Palmer and Stanley M. Burgess (2012). [about]
  68. Bahá'í Faith, The, by Robert Stockman, in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World (2008). [about]
  69. Bahá'í Faith, The: World Religious Statistics, by Firuz Kazemzadeh, in Britannica Book of the Year (1988). A reprint of the widely-circulated encyclopedia article showing the Baha'i Faith to be the world's second most wide-spread religion. [about]
  70. Baha'i Faith: A Portrait, by Robert Stockman, in A SourceBook for Earth's Community of Religions, ed. Joel Beversluis (1995). General introduction to Baha'i history and teachings. [about]
  71. Bahá'í History, by Moojan Momen and Peter Smith (1993). A general survey of the history of the Baha'i Faith, including a brief overview of main events in Babi and Baha'i history. Next, a series of themes that have developed throughout Baha'i history is examined. [about]
  72. Bahá'í Literature, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  73. Bahá'í Persecutions, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  74. Baha'i Pioneers, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2013). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  75. Bahá'í Schools, by Vahid Rafati, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  76. Bahá'í Shrines, by John Walbridge, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). [about]
  77. Bahá'í World Centre, by Moojan Momen, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the spiritual center of the Bahá’í Faith, established in the twin cities of Acre and Haifa, the focal points of devotion for Bahá’ís around the world, and edifices of the administrative center. [about]
  78. Baha'is, by Christopher Buck, in Encyclopedia of the Qur'an (2016). [about]
  79. Bahá'íyyih Khánum, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  80. Bahá'u'lláh, by Juan Cole (1995). Biography of Baha'u'llah, the Founder of the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  81. Bahá'u'lláh, by Juan Cole, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  82. Baha'u'llah, by Anonymous, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  83. Bahá'u'lláh, Ascension of (May 29), by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  84. Baha'u'llah, birth and ascension of, by J. Gordon Melton, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  85. Bahá'u'lláh, Birth/Ascension of, by Christopher Buck and J. Gordon Melton, in Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, Vol. 1, ed. Gordon Melton & Martin Baumann (2010). [about]
  86. Bahá'u'lláh, Festival of the Birth of (November 12), by Christopher Buck and J. Gordon Melton, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  87. Baker, Euphemia Eleanor, by Graham Hassall, in Australian Dictionary of Biography Volume 14: 1940-1980, ed. John Ritchie (1996). Short biography of an early Australian Baha'i. [about]
  88. Baker, Richard Edward St. Barbe, by Wendi Momen and Anthony A. Voykovic, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the world-famous environmentalist, founder in 1922 of Men of the Trees, the first global conservation movement, author of many books and articles. [about]
  89. Balágí, Muhammad Jawád (anti-Bahá'í activist), by Etan Kohlberg, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  90. Balyuzi, H. M., by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  91. Barághání, Muhammad Taqí, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  92. Barbados, by Patricia Paccassi (1995). [about]
  93. Bárfurúshí, Muhammad `Alí, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  94. Bausani, Alessandro, by Biancamaria Scarcia Amoretti, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2008). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  95. Bayán, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  96. Biography of Wilhelmina Sherriff Bain (2013). Compilation of documents about an early feminist and peace advocate who received a Tablet from Abdu'l-Baha in 1908. [about]
  97. Bourgeois, Jean-Baptiste Louis (1856-1930), by R. Jackson Armstrong-Ingram (1997). Short biography of the architect and designer of Mashriqu'l-Adhkar at Wilmette, Illinois. [about]
  98. British influence in Persia in the 19th century, by Abbas Amanat, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 11 (2003). Includes various mentions of the Babi context. Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  99. Brittingham, Isabella, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  100. Browne, Edward Granville, by Moojan Momen (1995). Short biography of an English orientalist and famous scholar of the Babi and Baha'i Faiths. [about]
  101. Browne, Edward Granville: Babism and Bahaism, by Juan Cole, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 4 (1990). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  102. Browne, Edward Granville: life and academic career, by Michael Wickens, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 4 (1990). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  103. Browne, Edward Granville: Persian Constitutional movement, by Kamran Ekbal, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 4 (1990). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  104. Buddhism and the Bahá'í Faith, by Moojan Momen (1995). [about]
  105. Burial: in Bahá'í Communities, by Vahid Rafati, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 4 (1990). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  106. Bushrú'í, Mullá Muhammad Husayn, by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 4 (1990). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  107. Bushrui, Hasan Foadi, by Fereydun Vahman, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2015). Brief excerpt of a bio of the head of Baha'i schools in Iran and Turkmenistan, with link to article offsite. [about]
  108. Calendar, Bahá'í, and Rhythms of Worship, by Christopher Buck and J. Gordon Melton, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  109. Chase, Thornton, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  110. Chase, Thornton, by Robert Stockman, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the first person in the West to become a steadfast Bahá’í, one of the founders of the Chicago Bahá’í community, included by Shoghi Effendi among a number of prominent early Bahá’ís he designated "Disciples of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá." [about]
  111. Chase, Thornton, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 5 (1992). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  112. Chihriq, by Juan Cole and Amir Hassanpour, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 4 (1990). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  113. Children, by Nancy A. Davis, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On persons in the stages of life from conception, when the soul comes into being, to the age of fifteen, the beginning of spiritual maturity or adulthood. [about]
  114. Circumpolar Regions (Arctic): History of the Baha'i Faith, by Will C. van den Hoonaard (1994). [about]
  115. Community, Baha'i, by Will C. van den Hoonaard (1993). [about]
  116. Constitutional Revolution: Intellectual Background, by Abbas Amanat, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, 6 (1992). Brief excerpts, with link to article offsite. [about]
  117. Constitutional Revolution (Iran): Intellectual Background, by Abbas Amanat, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 6 (1993). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  118. Conversion: to Bábí and Bahá'í Faiths, by Juan Cole, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 6 (1993). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  119. Cosmogony and Cosmology, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 6 (1993). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  120. Covenant, Day of the (November 26), by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  121. Covenant, The, and Covenant-breaker, by Moojan Momen (1995). [about]
  122. Creation: The Nature of God and the Creation of the Universe in Bahá'í Cosmology, by Keven Brown (2003). [about]
  123. Dawlatábádí, Sayyed Yahyá, by Abbas Amanat, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 7 (1996). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  124. Death and Dying in the Bahá'í Faith, by Moshe Sharon, in Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying (2003). [about]
  125. Declaration of the Báb, Festival of, by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  126. Dhikr: in the Bábí and Bahá'í Religions, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 7 (1996). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  127. Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart: Handwörterbuch für Theologie und Religionswissenschaft, volume A-C (1957). Two dictionary definitions: "Bahai-Religion" and "Babismus". [about]
  128. Discourse Theory and Peace, by Michael Karlberg, in Encyclopedia of Peace Psychology, ed. Daniel Christie (2012). Discourse theory, which rests on the idea that language helps constitute our reality, can shed light on the role that language plays in both direct and structural violence. No mention of the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  129. Discovering [The Qur'an], by Christopher Buck, in The Blackwell Companion to the Qur'an, ed. Andrew Rippin (2006). Academic study of the Qur'an, its themes, and how to begin interpreting it. [about]
  130. Divorce, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 7 (1996). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  131. Dodge, Arthur, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  132. Dodge, Arthur Pillsbury, by Robert Stockman, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the early American Bahá’í named by Shoghi Effendi a Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá. [about]
  133. Dolgorukov Memoirs, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 7 (1996). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  134. Dominica, by Patricia Paccassi (1995). [about]
  135. Dreyfus-Barney, Hippolyte and Laura Clifford, by Shapour Rassekh, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 7 (1996). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  136. Dunn, Clara and Hyde, by Graham Hassall (2000). Biography of two early Baha'i teachers and pioneers. [about]
  137. Dunn, Clara and John Henry Hyde, by Graham Hassall, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the couple who went to Australia in 1920 in response to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s call for worldwide expansion of the Bahá’í Faith and firmly established it in the Antipodes, designated Hands of the Cause of God by Shoghi Effendi. [about]
  138. Early Western Accounts of the Babi and Bahá'í Faiths, by Moojan Momen (1995). [about]
  139. East Africa, Bahá'í Communities in, by Will C. van den Hoonaard, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 7 (1996). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  140. East Leeward Islands, by Patricia Paccassi (1995). [about]
  141. Edward Granville Browne, by Christopher Buck, in British Writers, Supplement XXI (2014). Bio of E.G. Browne, with focus on his books and translations. [about]
  142. Eschatology in the Bábí and Bahá'í Faiths, by Stephen Lambden, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 8 (1998). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  143. Esslemont, John Ebenezer, by Moojan Momen (1995). Short biography of a famous Baha'i author and Hand of the Cause of God. [about]
  144. Exegesis (tafsír), by Todd Lawson, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 9 (1999). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  145. Fádl Mázandarání, Mírzá Asadu'lláh, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 9 (1999). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  146. Faith and Belief, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  147. Family Life, by Will C. van den Hoonaard and Deborah K. van den Hoonaard (1995). Writings of Bahá'u'lláh, `Abdu'l-Bahá, and the Institutions, with commentary reviewing views on family life. [about]
  148. Fast, Bahá'í (March 2–20), by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  149. Fasting, by John Walbridge, in Sacred Acts, Sacred Space, Sacred Time: Baha'i Studies volume 1 (1996). [about]
  150. Fasting among Zoroastrians, Manicheans, and Bahais, by Jamsheed K. Choksy, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 9 (1999). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  151. Fayzí, Abu'l-Qásim (Hand of the Cause), by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 9 (1999). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  152. Feast, Nineteen-Day, by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  153. Festivals, Bahá'í, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 9 (1999). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  154. Forutan, Alí-Akbar, by Iraj Ayman, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2012). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  155. Gail, Marzieh, by Wendy Heller, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2016). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  156. Gobineau, Joseph Arthur de, by Calmard Jean, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 11 (2003). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  157. Greatest Name, The (al-Ism al-A`zam), by Stephen Lambden (1995). [about]
  158. Greenleaf, Charles, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  159. Gregory, Louis George, by Gayle Morrison, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the African American lawyer who became a leading Bahá’í speaker, writer, administrator, and proponent of race unity and equality, member of the national governing body of the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada, and Hand of the Cause. [about]
  160. Grenada, by Patricia Paccassi (1995). [about]
  161. Grinévskaia, Izabélla Arkád'evna, by A. Grachëva, in Dictionary of Russian Women Writters (1994). Short bio of a poet and playwright who wrote a social drama Bab ed-Din (1903), dedicated to the life and teachings of The Bab — a play she considered "her most significant dramatic work" — and its sequel Bekha-Ulla (1912). [about]
  162. Guadeloupe, by Daniel Caillaud (1995). [about]
  163. Gulpáygání, Mirza Abu'l-Fadl, by Moojan Momen (1995). [about]
  164. Haifa, by Hossein Amanat, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 11 (2003). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  165. Haji Mubarak, by Anthony Lee, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  166. Halabi, Shaikh Maḥmud Khorásání, founder of Hojjatiya, by Mahmoud Sadri, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 11 (2003). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  167. Hands of the Cause (Ayádí Amr Alláh), by Eunice Braun, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the institution, established by Bahá’u’lláh, of individuals named by Bahá’u’lláh, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, and Shoghi Effendi, charged with protecting and propagating the Bahá’í Faith; one of the two parallel lines of responsibility in Bahá’í administration. [about]
  168. Hands of the Cause (Ayádí Amr Alláh), by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  169. Harlem Renaissance, by Christopher Buck, in The American Mosaic: The African American Experience (2013). [about]
  170. Haydar Alí Isfahání, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 12 (2004). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  171. Haziratu'l-Quds, by Moojan Momen (1995). [about]
  172. Heaven, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  173. Hidden Words (Kalemát-i-Maknuna), by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2011). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  174. Historiography: Qajar Period and Babi and Bahai works, by Abbas Amanat, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 12 (2004). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  175. Hoar, William, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  176. Hojjatieh (Hujjatiya), by Mahmoud Sadri, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 12 (2004). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  177. Holley, Horace Hotchkiss, by R. Jackson Armstrong-Ingram (1995). Biography of a Hand of the Cause of God. [about]
  178. House of Justice (Baytu'l-'Adl), by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  179. Ibn Abhar, Hand of the Cause, by Stephen Lambden, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 7 (1996). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  180. Ibn Asdaq, missionary and martyr, by Stephen Lambden, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 7 (1996). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  181. Introduction to the Bahá'í Tradition, in On Common Ground: World Religions in America (1997). Brief overview of The Bab and Baha'u'llah; worldwide expansion; affirming oneness; feast and fireside; human equality; and becoming a Baha'i. [about]
  182. Iran: History of the Bahá'í Faith, by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  183. Iran, Bahá'í Community of, by Vahid Rafati, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  184. Iran: Province of Ádharbáyján, by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  185. Iran: Province of Fárs, by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  186. Iran: Province of Gílán, by Moojan Momen (1994). History of the Baha'i Faith in the Iranian province of Gilan. [about]
  187. Iran: Province of Isfahan, by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  188. Iran: Province of Káshán and Central Provinces (Sultánábád, Mahallát, and Gulpáygán), by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  189. Iran: Province of Khamsih (Zanján), by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  190. Iran: Province of Khurásán, by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  191. Iran: Province of Khúzistán, by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  192. Iran: Province of Qazvín, by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  193. Iran: Province of Tehran (including Qumm, Simnán, and Dámghán), by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  194. Iran: Province of Yazd, by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  195. Iran: Provinces of Kirmán and Sístán, by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  196. Iran: Provinces of Kirmánsháh, Hamadán, Kurdistán, and Luristán, by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  197. Iran: Provinces of Mázandarán and Gurgán, by Moojan Momen (1994). [about]
  198. Ishráq Khávarí, by Vahid Rafati, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 8 (1998). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  199. Italy: History of the Bahá'í Faith, by Julio Savi (1992). [about]
  200. Judeo-Persian Communities of Iran in the Qajar Period: Conversion to the Bahá'í Faith, by Mehrdad Amanat, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2009). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  201. Kashan: Religious Communities: Bahá'í Community, by Mehrdad Amanat, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, 16:1 (2012). [about]
  202. Kázem Rashtí, by Armin Eschraghi, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2013). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  203. Kitab-i Aqdas, the Most Holy Book, by John Walbridge (1999). [about]
  204. Kitáb-i-Aqdas, by Alessandro Bausani, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 2 (1987). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use." [about]
  205. Kitáb-i-Íqán, by Sholeh A. Quinn and Stephen Lambden, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2010). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  206. Kitab-i-Iqan: An Introduction to Bahá'u'lláh's Book of Certitude with Two Digital Reprints of Early Lithographs, by Christopher Buck (1998). [about]
  207. Knobloch, Fanny, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  208. Lawh (Tablet), by Moojan Momen and Todd Lawson, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2005). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  209. Les Tablettes de Bahá'u'lláh révélées après le Kitáb-i-Aqdas, by Udo Schaefer, in Encyclopédie Philosophique Universelle, vol. 3 tome 1 (1992). [about]
  210. Letters of the Living (Hurúf al-Hayy), by Muhammad Afnan and Todd Lawson, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). Title given by the Báb to His first eighteen disciples. [about]
  211. Locke, Alain, by Christopher Buck, in Encyclopedia of African American History, Volume 1, ed. Leslie M. Alexander (2010). [about]
  212. Macnutt, Howard, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  213. Martinique, by Patricia Paccassi (1995). [about]
  214. Martyrdom, by Todd Lawson, in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World: Oxford Islamic Studies Online (2008). Overview of the history of and sacred texts about martyrdom in Islam, with a passing mention of the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  215. Martyrs, Bábí, by Peter Smith and Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2005). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  216. Mashriqu'l-Adhkár, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2010). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  217. Mashriqu'l-Adhkár, by Julie Badiee, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the "Dawning Place of the Praise of God," a term used to refer to a Bahá’í House of Worship and its surrounding dependencies. [about]
  218. Mazhar [Manifestation], by Denis MacEoin, in Encyclopedia of Islam, 2nd ed., vol. 6 (1960). Definition of a type of theophany in which the divinity or its attributes are made visible in human form. [about]
  219. Mazhar-i Ilahi (Manifestation of God), by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2016). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  220. Medhat Pasha, by Necati Alkan, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2012). Bio of the 19th century Ottoman statesman, who served both as governor and grand vizier. Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  221. Mentions of the Bábí and Bahá'í Faiths in Encyclopedia Iranica: Sixty Excerpts, by Hamid Algar and Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (1985). Excerpts of 60 articles in the Encyclopedia, with links to the offsite originals, which contain a reference to the Faith. These items are not long enough to warrant a separate entry in this Library, yet are included here for ease of discovery. [about]
  222. Mihdí, Mírzá, by Shahriar Razavi, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the son of Bahá’u’lláh, who entitled him "the Purest Branch," younger brother of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and Bahíyyih Khánum. [about]
  223. Miracles, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  224. Mírzá Abu'l-Fadl Gulpáyegání, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 1 (1985). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  225. Moody, Susan, by R. Jackson Armstrong-Ingram (1998). [about]
  226. Muhammad-Taqi Wakil al-Dawla Shirazi, by Soli Shahvar, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2016). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  227. Mulla Husayn Bushrui, by Moojan Momen and Todd Lawson, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  228. Mulla Sadiq-i-Khurasani (Muqaddas), by Vahid Rafati, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2016). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  229. Mulla `Abdu'l-Karim Qazvini (Mirza Ahmad Katib), by John Walbridge (1997). [about]
  230. Nabil al-Dawla: Iranian diplomat and translator of Bahai scriptures, by Guity Etemad, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2012). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  231. Nabil-i A'zam (Mulla Muhammad Zarandi), by Vahid Rafati, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2016). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  232. Nabil-i Akbar, by Minou Foadi, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2005). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  233. Naw-Rúz, Festival of (March 21), by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  234. Naw-Rúz: The Bahá'í New Year, by John Walbridge, in Sacred Acts, Sacred Space, Sacred Time (1996). History of the observance of Naw Ruz, the Iranian New Year, in Persian culture and the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  235. Netherlands: History of the Baha'i Faith, by Will C. van den Hoonaard (1993). [about]
  236. New York, History of the Bahá'í Faith In, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  237. Nineteen Day Feast, by John Walbridge, in Sacred Acts, Sacred Space, Sacred Time: Bahá'í Studies volume 1 (1996). [about]
  238. Nineteen Day Feast, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2014). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  239. Nuqtat al-Káf, by Kavian Sadeghzade Milani, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2008). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  240. Prayer and Worship, by John Walbridge, in Sacred Acts, Sacred Space, Sacred Time (1996). An overview of devotional practices and prayers in Babism and the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  241. Prejudice and Discrimination, by Will C. van den Hoonaard (1993). Prejudice is cultural. History shows no society is immune. U.S. Baha'is facilitated Racial Amity groups in the 20s and 30s, and found ignorance plus apathy are key factors in prejudice. Reducing it requires a universal commitment to the unity of humanity. [about]
  242. Progressive Revelation, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  243. Public Schools May "Teach About Religion" — Not "Teach Religion", by Christopher Buck, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2012). History of legislation regarding how and when religious texts might be studied in public schools, and comments on pedagogical approaches. [about]
  244. Qá'ení, Shaikh Mohammad-ʿAli, by Minou Foadi, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2005). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  245. Quddus, by Nosrat Mohammad-Hosseini, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2009). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  246. Race Unity Day, by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  247. Ransom-Kehler, Keith, by Loni Bramson, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  248. Ransom-Kehler, Keith Bean, by Janet Ruhe-Schoen, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the American Bahá’í lecturer and world traveler, designated by Shoghi Effendi as the first American Bahá’í martyr, and a Hand of the Cause of God, the first woman to be so named. [about]
  249. Registry of Early Canadian Believers, by Will C. van den Hoonaard (1987). A report on the recent progress in developing the Registry of Early Canadian Believers, 1893-1944, an adjunct project of A Short Encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith. [about]
  250. Religions Share Enduring Values, by Christopher Buck, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). Do all religions ultimately endorse the same spiritual values? Includes discussion of the "Golden Rule" and interfaith alliances. [about]
  251. Religious Background of the 1979 Revolution in Iran, by Moojan Momen (1995). [about]
  252. Religious Pluralism, by Seena Fazel (1995). [about]
  253. Remey, Charles Mason, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  254. Resurgence of Apocalyptic in Modern Islam, by Abbas Amanat, in The Encyclopedia of Apocalypticism, vol. III: Apocalypticism in the Modern Period and the Contemporary Age (2000). Shi'i Mahdism, beliefs on the end of time, and overview of the rise of the Babi Faith. [about]
  255. Ridvan, by John Walbridge, in Sacred Acts, Sacred Space, Sacred Time: Bahá'í Studies volume 1 (1995). Two versions of a short article about the 12-day Baha'i festival. [about]
  256. Ridván, Festival of, by Christopher Buck, in Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, Vol. 5, ed. J. Gordon Melton & Martin Baumann (2010). [about]
  257. Ridván, Festival of, by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  258. Robert Hayden, by Christopher Buck, in Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature, Vol. 2, ed. Jay Parini (2004). The first African American poet-laureate of the United States (as Library of Congress "Consultant in Poetry"). [about]
  259. Rogers, Otto Donald, by Norman Zepp, in The 1998 Canadian Encyclopedia (1997). [about]
  260. Root, Martha Louise, by Loni Bramson, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  261. Ruh al-Quddus, by Moojan Momen and Todd Lawson, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  262. Ruhiyyih Khanum, by Loni Bramson, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  263. Russia, by Moojan Momen (1995). Overview of the development of the Baha'i community in Russia. [about]
  264. Sabet, Habib, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2015). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  265. Salvation, by Jack McLean (1993). [about]
  266. Sayyid Kazim Rashti, by Moojan Momen, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  267. Schopflocher, Siegfried, by Will C. van den Hoonaard (1993). Short biography of a prominent Baha''i from a German-Jewish background who served as a Hand of the Cause of God. [about]
  268. Schopflocher, Siegfried, by Will C. van den Hoonaard, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the Canadian Bahá’í of German-Jewish background named by Shoghi Effendi a Hand of the Cause of God in 1952. [about]
  269. Science and Religion Are Complementary, by Christopher Buck, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2013). [about]
  270. Scripture, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  271. Secret of Divine Civilization (Risaliy-i-Madiniyyih), by Sen McGlinn, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2009). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  272. Sheikh Ahmad al-Ahsai, by Moojan Momen, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  273. Shi`i Islam, by Moojan Momen (1995). Overview of Shi'a Islam, including a section on its relations to the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  274. Shoghi Effendi, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2011). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  275. Shoghi Effendi and Social Justice, by Jack McLean, in Berkshire Encyclopedia of Religion and Social Justice (2007). The term "social justice” has been used by many engaged groups as a rhetorical tool to obtain more equitable transformations of the social order. To the Guardian and the later Baha'i Administration, it is a Divine justice at heart. [about]
  276. Sobhi, Fazlollah Mohtadi, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2015). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  277. Spiritual Assembly (Mahfel-i-Ruháni), by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2011). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  278. St. Lucia, by John Kolstoe (1991). [about]
  279. Tablet of the Temple (Suratu'l-Haykal), by John Walbridge (1999). [about]
  280. Tablet of Wisdom (Lawh-i-hikmat), by Juan Cole (1995). [about]
  281. Tablet to Fuad (Lawh-i-Fuad): Translator's introduction, and bio from Encyclopedia Britannica, by Juan Cole (1997). [about]
  282. Tablet to Napoleon III (Lawh-i-Napulyún): Biography of Napoleon, in Encyclopedia Britannica (1999). First Tablet to Napoleon. [about]
  283. Tablet to Pope Pius IX (Lawh-i-Páp): Biography of Pope Pius IX, in Encyclopedia Britannica (1999). [about]
  284. Tablet to Queen Victoria (Lawh-i-Malikih): Biography of Queen Victoria, in Encyclopedia Britannica (1999). [about]
  285. Tablet to Tsar Alexander II (Lawh-i-Malik-i-Rus): Biography of Tsar Alexander, in Encyclopedia Britannica (1999). Short biography of Tsar Alexander ll describing him as a great historical figure without the charisma of a great man. Suggests history should view what he did, such as abolishing serfdom and building railroads, as more important than who he was. [about]
  286. Tablets to the Rulers (Surat al-Muluk), by Juan Cole (1995). [about]
  287. Tahirih Qurratul-ayn, by Moojan Momen and Todd Lawson, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  288. Taqiya Among Bábís and Bahá'ís, by Kamran Ekbal, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2012). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  289. Tehran, Iran, by Moojan Momen, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the capital city of Iran and birthplace of Bahá’u’lláh, called by Him the "Land of Tá" (Ard-i-Tá), site of numerous important events in Bahá’í history. [about]
  290. Temples, Bahá'í, by Christopher Buck, in Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, Vol. 6, ed. J. Gordon Melton & Martin Baumann (2010). [about]
  291. Temples, Bahá'í, by Vahid Rafati and Fariborz Sahba, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  292. Temples, Bahá'í, by Christopher Buck, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
  293. The Báb; Husayn Bushru'i; Ruh al-Quddus; Tahirih, by Moojan Momen and Todd Lawson, in Holy People of the World: A Cross-Cultural Encyclopedia (2004). [about]
  294. Toumansky, Aleksandr Grigorevich, by Jahangir Dorri, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2009). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  295. Transliteration, by Moojan Momen (1991). [about]
  296. True, Corinne, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  297. Turkmenistan, by Moojan Momen (1995). History of the Baha'i Faith in Turkmenistan. [about]
  298. United Kingdom: History of the Bahá'í Faith, by Moojan Momen (1998). A short history of the Baha'i community of the United Kingdom. [about]
  299. United States of America: History of the Bahá'í Faith, by Robert Stockman (1995). History of the Baha'i community of the United States. [about]
  300. Vahíd (Sayyed Yahyá Dárábí), by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 7 (1996). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  301. Virgin Islands, U.S. and British, by Patricia Paccassi (1995). [about]
  302. Women in the works of the Bab and in the Babi Movement, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2011). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
  303. World Religion Day, by Christopher Buck, in Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, Vol. 6, ed. J. Gordon Melton & Martin Baumann (2010). [about]
  304. World Religion Day (January), by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  305. Worship, by Robert Stockman (1995). [about]
  306. Yahyá, Mírzá, by Moojan Momen, in The Bahá'í Encyclopedia (2009). On the younger half-brother of Bahá’u’lláh, later his opponent, known as Subh-i-Azal, described by Shoghi Effendi as "the arch-breaker of the Covenant of the Báb." [about]
  307. Zaynab, by John Walbridge, in Military Women Worldwide: A Biographical Dictionary (2003). Brief biography of a female Babi fighter. [about]
  308. Zuhur al-Haqq, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2002). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
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